This morning, I was pointed by a friend to a wonderful article on a recently translated text fragment. You can find out all about it here. Briefly, the text recounts the events leading up to Jesus' crucifixion but paints a remarkably different picture than the canonical accounts. This is something, of course, in which I am always interested, so I took my time with the article. One of the most interesting elements, to me, is the explanation of why Judas marks Jesus with a kiss at the moment when he delivers his erstwhile Messiah to the authorities. To be honest, I'd never given it much thought, despite the fact that the "Judas Kiss" has become deeply ingrained in our ideas of loyalty and betrayal. The more than a millennium-old text gives a fascinating answer: Jesus was a shape-shifter, and could appear in many guises. The kiss was needed to point the authorities to someone whom they wouldn't necessarily recognise. Makes sense to me.
Wait, what? That's right…Jesus was a shape-shifter. In my ongoing quest to make room for more awesome in my life, I had to move a few things over to give pride of place to that. Shape-shifting Jesus is right up my alley. After all, this blog takes its name from the phrase "miracle of the one thing," but I haven't yet talked about miracles. I should. Miracles are, well, miraculous. I believe in a world in which the miraculous is possible. I recommend the article to everyone. It's a neat read about an extraordinary text that enriches the literary, historical, and textual tradition of Christianity. I really liked to write-up, too.
Then, I started reading the comments. Now, one of the things pointed out in the article is a quote from the translator of the fragment, Roelof van den Broek from Utrecht. Van den Broek says, "The discovery of the text doesn't mean these events happened, but rather that some people living at the time appear to have believed in them." That seems eminently reasonable to me. As a scholar, he doesn't want to be mistaken for someone who is claiming that this is somehow an unimpeachable account of factual history. It's a mistake that I think few would actually make, but best to defend oneself against those sorts of accusation. Van den Broek is a translator, not an apologist.
I read a comment on the article from a random netizen. It read, "The writer is correct 'it doesn't mean any of these events actually happened'. Which really seems more likely, everything you know about reality was suspended or somebody lied? A question that should be asked of every faith." (I've presented the comment intact, including its misquotation) As I said, sometimes I'm able to just comment on bad thinking as such, and I want to take an opportunity to do so here.
This comment is a classic example of what we refer to as a "false dichotomy". I do a whole section in my Introduction to Ethics classes on false dichotomies. I tell my students, whenever someone presents you with two options and says that you have to pick one, you can be sure of one thing: you're being sold something. Dichotomies rarely reflect the realities of our lives, which tend to be vastly more multifarious than simple either/or distinctions seem to suggest. When someone presents you with a false dichotomy, he or she is hoping desperately that you'll take your brain off the hook long enough to buy what he or she is selling. I wasn't buying in this case. Let's look at the options we've been presented:
- Miracles are the result of the laws of the natural world being suspended.
- Miracles are lies.
Actually, even if you believe that the first is impossible, isn't it just as likely that someone is reporting something that he or she earnestly believes, despite being mistaken? Assuming malice seems to be getting ahead of ourselves. But let's go further. Is our understanding of the universe sufficiently complete that we can claim that if we can't explain something, the laws of nature must be suspended? The fact of the matter is that our knowledge is, in the scope of the whole of what can be known, infinitesimal. It seems to me more likely that there are lots of things that look like the suspension of natural laws to us that are simply obeying laws we don't yet understand. I'm not looking for some scientific explanation for every miracle, but I think as we come to understand more and more about our universe from a scientific standpoint, these astounding events will become comprehensible.
The desire to dismiss the miraculous with a single sweep of the hand is a misbegotten one. It is an attempt to make the universe smaller and less interesting. I don't trust people who can chalk every miracle up to "somebody lied". They want to cram the universe into a little box rather than experience it in all of its wonder and complexity. And that makes me sad. On the other hand, I don't believe that scientific inquiry robs the miraculous of its power. Thinking isn't the enemy of faith. Thinking is a gift. Anyone who tells you that to be right or to be good or to be a member of their club you have to not think is by definition your enemy and an enemy of everyone. There will always be things that call on us to think, to understand more, and experience what we do understand more profoundly. Miracles are just a reminder that the world is bigger and more beautiful than we understand.
So, I like my shape-shifting Jesus. I don't have to believe that the universe's laws were suspended, but neither do I have to believe that people are lying to me from 1200 years ago. I just have to believe that the universe is really amazing, and that it is worth witnessing and understanding, and that it's never a good idea to slam my mind closed.